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Natural Cures and Home Remedies for haemorrhoids/Piles?

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Haemorrhoids (piles) are swollen blood vessels or veins that line the anal canal and the lower rectum. Since humans stand upright, this causes a downward pressure on all veins in the body. Gravity imposes a constant load on the delicate veins that supply to the anus, and abdominal pressure of any kind makes matters worse. Any kind of pressure causes an excessive flow of blood to the rectal area like straining when passing stools, lifting a heavy object and sometimes, even coughing tightens the abdominal muscles, thus squeezing on the veins. The pressure builds up in the rectal area and blood piles up.

There are two categories of haemorrhoids called internal and external haemorrhoids. Internal haemorrhoids lie inside the rectum, so they can't be seen. Bleeding may be the only sign that they are there. Sometimes internal haemorrhoids prolapse, i.e they enlarge and protrude out through the anus. External haemorrhoids occur under the surface of the skin at the anal opening.

Causes of haemorrhoids

Various causes have been attributed to the development of haemorrhoids - from gravity to genes. If one parent has it, then its more likely that the child will develop them when they are an adult. Obesity is another factor that puts more pressure on those veins. Pregnancy also puts additional pressure on the rectal area as the fetus grows. Pregnancy related haemorrhoids retract usually when the child is born. Other causes of haemorrhoids are prolonged sitting without activity, prolonged standing, strenuous work and mental stress. The most important causes are:


Constipation is one of the most common causes of piles. Avoiding constipation in the first place would help in preventing haemorrhoids. The pressure applied to pass a stool to empty constipated bowels and the clogging caused by constipation most certainly leads to piles. The major cause of constipation is bad eating habits and lifestyle choices. More on constipation and its remedies

Use of laxatives

The use of laxatives to relieve constipation has an irritating and weakening effect on the lining of the rectum. This leads to the enlargement and inflammation of the vein and bleeding.


Diet plays a very important role in preventing haemorrhoids. It also is an important cause for the development of haemorrhoids. Those who eat a low fibre diet and lots of processed food are more likely to get haemorrhoids. Inadquate intake of fluid is also a cause. The two lead to hard stools which lead to straining, thus aggravating the haemorrhoids.

Symptoms of haemorrhoids

Self care treatment for haemorrhoids

To treat piles, you have to treat the basic cause of it, namely constipation. There are some simple treatments that can be tried at home, which may be effective in curing the haemorrhoids.

Avoid constipation

Keep stools soft so that they dont put pressure on the haemorrhoids. When the stools are soft, you wont need to strain when you go to the toilet. This will reduce the bleeding, itching and protruding of piles. You can keep the stools soft by

Changing toilet habits

One must go to the toilet as and when the need is felt. When you postpone it, it leads to the problem of straining. Also, do not sit on the toilet for more than five minutes at a time. If you go as soon as you feel the need, you will not have to spend more than five minutes on the toilet.

Regular exercise

Regular exercise helps. Movements that exercise the abdominal muscles improves circulation in the rectal region and relieves congestion.

Cold water treatment

Do not scratch as it makes it worse. Instead a cold water pack or compress can be applied to the rectal area. Cold water treatment is done by sitting in a tub filled with cold water for two minutes, with the knees drawn up to your chin. The water level should cover your hips.

Dietary changes

Start eating a high fibre diet. Fibre rich food are fruits uch as papaya, melon, apple, pear, grapes and pineapples. Vegetables that are high in fibre are spinach, cabbage, kidney beans and radish. Nuts and dry fruits like coconut, figs and raisins and almonds are rich in fibre. Also include wholegrains like wheat, oat bran, alfa alfa, whole meal cereals and milk. The food to be avoided are meat, fish, eggs, cheese, white sugar, sweets, rice, white flour products, tea, coffee and fried foods. More on fibre rich foods

Home remedies for haemorrhoids